Chile

Pilgerodendron uviferum

Genus: 
Pilgerodendron
Species: 
uviferum
Trade Name: 
Chilean cedar
Other Names: 
ciprés, ciprés de Chile, ciprés de Cordillera,ciprés de las Islas Len, cipresso del Cile, cyprès du Chili, lahuan, lanutanbagio, libocedri dell’america meridion, patagonian cypress, patagonian pilgerodendron, ten, thuja tetragona
CITES Information: 
Listed, Appendix I
Endangered Status: 
Vulnerable
Notes: 
CITES listing applies to all parts and derivatives, including manufactured and finished products from any country of origin.
Country - Natural Range: 
Argentina
Chile
Uses: 
Construction
Doors
Flooring
Furniture

Fitzroya cupressoides

Genus: 
Fitzroya
Species: 
cupressoides
Trade Name: 
Alerce
Other Names: 
Chilean false larch, alerzcholz, fitzroy cypress, lahuan, Patagonian cypress
CITES Information: 
Listed, Appendix I
Endangered Status: 
Endangered
Countries Where Found: 

Argentina, Chile

Notes: 
Logging ban in Chile since 1976. Listing applies to all parts and derivatives, including manufactured and finished products
Overview: 

Common Name: Alerce

Also known as: Chilean false larch, alerzcholz, fitzroy cypress, lahuan, Patagonian cypress

F. cupressoides is the only species of the genus Fitzroya, named by Charles Darwin for Captain Fitzroy of H.M.S. Beagle. It is a large conifer that has been logged very heavily for over 350 years. Its range has been reduced to less than 15 percent of its original area, located mostly in the remote and difficult to access high cordillera of the Andes.

Wood from the tree was widely used during the colonial period for roof shingles, furniture, and ship masts. The species produces moderately hard and heavy wood, dark red to reddish brown in color. Because of serious overexploitation, F. cupressoides is now rare. Chile has banned logging of the species since 1976, and it is listed on Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), the most restrictive listing which bans international trade of the species in most cases. F. cupressoides has a status of “endangered” on the IUCN Red List.

Associated Risks: 

A logging ban in Chile has been in place since 1976. The CITES Appendix I listing applies to all parts and derivatives, including manufactured and finished products. Under normal circumstances, timber from this tree cannot be legally traded on international markets.

Major Buyers & Markets: 

N/A due to CITES Appendix I listing.

Country - Natural Range: 
Argentina
Chile
Uses: 
Boat building
Exterior joinery
Furniture
Interior joinery
Musical instruments
Veneer

Araucaria araucana

Genus: 
Araucaria
Species: 
araucana
Trade Name: 
Monkeypuzzle tree
Other Names: 
monkeypuzzle tree, apeboom, araucaria du Chile, Chilean pine, chilensk tall, Chili pine, Chili tall, Chilie pine, parana pine, pehuen, pilon, pin du Chili, pino, pino araucaria, pino de Chile, pino de Neuquén, pino de Paraná, piñonero, piñón, sapin du Chili, pehúen
CITES Information: 
Listed, Appendix I
Endangered Status: 
Vulnerable
Countries Where Found: 

Natural

Chile, Argentina

As ornamental

Widespread

Country - Planted: 
Widespread as an ornamental tree. No commercial plantations known.
Notes: 
Logging ban in Chile since 1976. CITES listing applies to all parts and derivatives, including manufactured and finished products, from any country of origin.
Overview: 

Common Name: monkeypuzzle tree

Also known as: apeboom, araucaria du Chile, Chilean pine, chilensk tall, Chili pine, Chili tall, Chilie pine, parana pine, pehuen, pilon, pin du Chili, pino, pino araucaria, pino de Chile, pino de Neuquén, pino de Paraná, piñonero, piñón, sapin du Chili, pehúen

Araucaria araucana is a large conifer - it can grow to 50 meters tall and is believed to be able to live over 1000 years - native to central and southern Chile and neighboring regions of Argentina and Brazil. It is the national tree of Chile, and the entire Araucaria genus is extremely old, having survived for more than a hundred million years in more or less its current form. A. araucana’s English-language common name, monkeypuzzle tree, comes from the way its branches layer and its stiff needles. Its seeds are edible and nutritious and remain an important food source for the Pehuenche tribe of the native Mapuche.

Araucaria araucana sheds its lower branches as it grows, leading to its distinctive silhouette. Outside its natural range, it is a very popular ornamental tree. Inside its natural range, previous overexploitation led to the species’ steep decline. Its IUCN Red List status is “vulnerable.”

Associated Risks: 

A. araucana is protected from harvest by Chilean national law and is listed on Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. To see what is required to trade in Appendix I species, see here.

Major Buyers & Markets: 

N/A. Both harvest and export are prohibited.

Country - Natural Range: 
Argentina
Chile
Uses: 
Construction
Doors
Engineered wood
Flooring
Pallets
Windows
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